The most historical documents mentioned that saffron was discovered for the first time in Kashmir about four thousand years ago and then in CRETE island in Greece and Persia. Cleopatra, the Egyptian Queen, used saffron for beauty and Pharaoh's physicians prescribed it for the treatment. Crusaders in the eleventh century exported saffron to Europe and used it for cooking, dyeing, perfumery, and especially for the treatment of diseases.